Hi. I have been hearing a lot about people using Linux and I have also heard that most new laptops are shipping with the Linux Operating System. I am interested in installing Linux and I want to know how I can install Ubuntu on my computer system. I have an Intel Pentium P IV processor running at 3.0 GHz and an 80GB SATA HDD as the storage. Can you please help me?
Hi Mudassir. From what I understand, you want to know how to install Ubuntu Linux Distribution on your computer, and the installation procedure is a bit long to explain here. But in short I would say, just follow the steps below and your question shall be answered.
First of all, you will require at least 10GB of space for installing Linux on your computer. This space should be un-partitioned and un-formatted. So if you have one single partition on your system, take a backup of your important data and resize the partition to free up at least 10GB of space on the hard drive. Use Partition Magic, MiniTool Partition Wizard Home Edition or any other third party software to do it without disturbing your existing Operating System. If you don’t have any operating systems already installed on your desktop PC and want to only use Ubuntu, you can simply ignore this step and proceed further.
It's simple and neat
If you have more than one partition on your drive, then the choice of deleting the partition will be purely yours as to which partition should be removed to accommodate the new operating system. Do take complete backups before doing this. You also have a choice of re-partitioning your drive to do the same. But the procedure is pretty lengthy and is a tedious job because of backing up of the existing data that needs to be done. So making space is necessary and you need to make a choice on how to do it.
Download the Ubuntu ISO file distribution from the Internet and burn it on a blank CD/DVD. Boot from the CD/DVD and follow the instructions in the setup. To know more on how to install Linux, visit ‘http://www.pcmech.com/show/os/903/’ or check ‘http://www.ubuntu.com/’ for more information. You should be able to install Ubuntu easily.
Alternatively, if you do not want to install Ubuntu on your computer but want to use it and learn more on the Operating System, then use the Live distribution of Ubuntu where one can boot directly from the CD/DVD and use it without having to install it on the hard drive. This method is the best because you do not have to take backups of your operating system and data or make space on your hard drive for installing Linux. Another advantage here is that you can use the same CD/DVD on any computer or laptop you want.
You can also create a USB pen drive with Linux and boot your system via the USB drive. The options of running it live from the pen drive or even installing it from the pen drive remains the same. You should download and install the application ‘UnetBootin’ which will help you dump the Linux ISO files on the USB drive. Make sure your USB storage drive has at least 8GB of free memory. Also, note that when you want to run or install Ubuntu from the USB drive, you should change the options in the BIOS, which highlights the booting priority to USB drive as the first boot drive.
Hope that helps.