Some search engines log personally identifiable information (PII) such as location, IP addresses, digital identity, and other data to make the search results more relevant to the user, to display contextual advertising, or even to protect against fraud. They also track user activity and attempt to understand users’ behaviour on the web. Tracking by search engines may provide customised search results and help a user find the relevant content faster, it may also cloud the search results with the same information. While the quest for online anonymity and by extension, privacy, have essentially had to be traded off with convenience, there are different levels at which netizens may be able to guard their privacy online. Here is a quick list of some tools or services to ensure your privacy while conducting web searches.

The Onion Router (Tor)

Tor, a free-of-cost client-side software system is arguably the most well-known online anonymity tool. It uses multi-layered (like an onion) encryption to protect users’ identities. Users need to run an onion proxy on their devices. The data generated from activities such as visits to websites or content published online is encrypted many times over as it travels through the network, concealing the user’s identity and making it difficult to unscramble the information that is intercepted during communication. It is distributed under a free software license. However, researchers have documented ways of compromising the Tor network.

DDG screenshot

Screenshot of a search query at for DuckDuckGo

Duck Duck Go

Built majorly on Free and Open Source  Software (FOSS), Duck Duck Go does not store IP addresses, cookies, doesn’t use cloud services, and Google APIs. It uses crowdsourced information to enhance search results, instead of tracking users. Search results are compiled from the DuckDuckBot, Wolfram Alpha, Wikipedia, and the Yahoo! Search BOSS (Build Your Own Search Engine) API. It has additional plug-ins such as those for arithmetical calculations or cryptographic tools. Gabriel Weinberg, the founder of the search engine sums up its privacy policy, “By default, DuckDuckGo does not collect or share personal information. That is our privacy policy in a nutshell”. Searching a URL on DDG shows links from Google cache and the Wayback Machine.


AskEraser is a privacy feature of the search engine When this feature is enabled, a user’s search history is deleted from servers within a few hours (Search engines are known to retain users’ data for as long as a few months.) The deleted content includes session cookies, IP addresses, search strings themselves, and the associated user ID, which is typically a serial number assigned to the user. However, AskEraser does not delete PII. 


Ixquick is another search engine dedicated to search privacy. According to its privacy policy, it does not collect or share personal information such as the IP addresses, browser and platform information, and the text of the search query.

Google Encrypted Search

Google Encrypted Search enables searching over SSL (Secure Sockets Layer). Navigate to or to to use this feature.

If you have a Google account, logging out of it before performing a search, or using different browsers for searching and using the account makes it slightly harder to log and track your activity.


GoogleMonkeyR is a userscript that enhances Google Search. Using the “trackless” option displayed adjacent to every search result, prevents the visit from being recorded and logged into your Google search history.

Opening image credit: Pike Research

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